What Do You Mean By Shimla Agreement

Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue sparked a major controversy after India refuted the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had made a request in this regard. While the US government is trying to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” to “discuss India and Pakistan,” the focus has returned to previous “bilateral agreements,” including the 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement) signed by the prime ministers of India and Pakistan at the time. Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. for friendly relations between the two countries. The Delhi Convention on the Repatriation of War Internees and Civilians is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973. Background: Un Secretary-General António Guterres expressed concern about the situation in Jammu and Kashmir. Referring to the Simla Agreement signed by India and Pakistan in 1972, Guterres said that “the final status of J&K will be settled by peaceful means in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.” To achieve this goal, the two governments agreed that the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations would govern bilateral relations and resolve disputes by “peaceful means through bilateral negotiations or other peaceful means mutually agreed upon”. The agreement was the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations.” It has devised the measures to be taken for greater normalization of mutual relations and has also defined the principles that should determine their future relations. [4] [5] [3] (iii) Withdrawals shall commence upon entry into force of this Agreement and shall be concluded within 30 days. [4] The Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan also agreed that relations between the two countries are subject to the principles of the UN Charter and will settle their differences through peaceful and bilateral means. (ii) That the two countries are determined to settle their differences by peaceful means through bilateral negotiations or other peaceful means mutually agreed between them. Until one of the problems between the two countries is finally resolved, neither side can unilaterally change the situation, and both prevent the organization, support or encouragement of actions detrimental to the maintenance of peace and harmonious relations. [4] [3], recalling its agreement of 23 September 1998 that an environment of peace and security is in the national interest of both parties and that the resolution of all outstanding issues, including Jammu and Kashmir, is essential to this end.

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